One of the best types of plant for your garden is a self-sowing plant. A self-sowing plant produces a viable seed which then falls on fertile ground and grows again the next season. These are plants that are inherently renewable, presenting an environmentally friendly way to garden. However, these plants can also be a bother without proper management.
When a plant produces flowers and when the blooms fade it produces seeds. The seeds carry on the plant genetic material in the shape of new plants. When seeds are scattered by wind, animals, and birds, they may likely land on a favorable ground and with the presence of favorable germinating conditions, the seeds will germinate and grow like the original mother plant.
This process is a cycle. The seeds will grow anywhere as long as there are supporting germinating conditions. They can appear in driveways and gravel paths, in fruit and vegetable plots, and along edges of beds and borders. Most self-sowing plants have blooms that are irresistible to insects, predators, and other pollinators.
Self-sowing plants are often biennial or annual flowers. Some vegetables and fruits are also self-sowing and will spring up even from your compost pit/heap. Seeds that are left to mature and germinate in the next season are named volunteers. These plants do not sow themselves in orderly rows or lines, but they sprout in a mixed unruly style.
Many types of plants replant themselves. Some flowering plants that sow themselves include; Indian blanket, money plant, coreopsis, bachelor’s buttons, among others. Vegetables and fruits that self-sow might come back a little different than their parent plant. Famous volunteers include; melons, squash, tomatillos, cucumbers, among others. More studies need to be done to understand the physiology of these kinds of plants.